NANDA nursing diagnosis is one of the most commonly used and important terms in the nursing field. It is a list of standardized medical diagnoses that classify the signs and symptoms experienced by a patient. In this post, we will explore NANDA Nursing Diagnosis – Child Fall Risk.
NANDA Nursing Diagnosis Definition
Child Fall Risk is considered is a NANDA nursing diagnosis which describes a child’s risk of falling that exceeds what is expected for their age, development level, and contextual environment.
- Reports of falls
- History of previous falls
- Lack of motor coordination or imbalance
- Fearful when attempting new tasks or physical activities
- Observed falls
- Generalized weakness or hypotonia
- Failure to use safety measures such as handrails
- Hesitation or lack of confidence during physical activities
Child Fall Risk can be associated with numerous related factors such as health conditions, medications, and environmental factors.
- Health Conditions: Conditions such as obesity, genetic disorders, and neuromuscular complications can increase a child’s risk of falls.
- Medications: Medications such as central nervous system depressants, anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and barbiturates can have side effects that may impair balance or muscle coordination, thus leading to an increased risk of falls.
- Environmental Factors: Poor lighting, wet surfaces, and uneven surfaces can all contribute to a child’s risk of falls.
Children are more likely to experience a fall due to their small size and developing skills. Additionally, age-associated changes in balance and coordination can increase a child’s risk of falls. Other risk populations include those with a history of falls, those with underlying medical conditions, and those in unfamiliar or unstable environments.
Child Fall Risk can have serious consequences for a child, such as physical injury and emotional trauma. Additionally, a fall can lead to financial burden due to medical costs.
Suggestions of Use
Having an adequate knowledge of ways to prevent falls is key for nurses to ensure patient safety. There are several strategies that can be employed such as providing appropriate assistance for mobility, encouraging safe environment inspection, and providing adequate education to the family and caretakers.
Suggested Alternative NANDA Diagnoses
Other alternative NANDA diagnoses related to Child Fall Risk include:
- Imbalanced Nutrition, Less Than Body Requirements
- Ineffective Health Maintenance
- Ineffective Therapeutic Regimen Management
- Readiness for Enhanced Knowledge
When diagnosing a child with Fall Risk, there are a few important tips to remember. Firstly, fall risk assessment should be done systematically and periodically. Additionally, nurses should take safety precautions, such as providing safety monitoring, avoiding dangerous locations, and installing safety equipment.
The following outcomes can be expected when the NANDA nursing diagnosis of Child Fall Risk is put into practice:
- Mobility: Physical: Ability to move around effectively and safely
- Fall Self Management: Ability to correctly identify falls risk and employ strategies to reduce falls
- Knowledge: Safety: Ability to recognize dangers in the environment and how to mitigate them
The following interventions are recommended when addressing Child Fall Risk:
- Fall Prevention: Provide health education on measures to reduce falls, such as using proper body mechanics, avoiding unsafe activities and situations, and using assistive devices appropriately.
- Monitor Environment: Assess patient’s environment for trip and fall hazards, such as loose rugs, walkway obstacles, and slippery surfaces.
- Assistance with Mobility: Provide assistance with ambulation, transfers, and turning when necessary to reduce falls risks.
In conclusion, NANDA nursing diagnosis – Child Fall Risk is an important NANDA nursing diagnosis to consider when assessing children. An adequate knowledge of factors related to falls, prevention strategies, and monitoring tips is required from healthcare providers to reduce falls and ensure safety of the children in their care.
- What is NANDA nursing diagnosis?NANDA nursing diagnosis is a standardized list of medical diagnoses used to classify signs and symptoms experienced by a patient.
- What is Child Fall Risk?Child Fall Risk is considered is a NANDA nursing diagnosis which describes a child’s risk of falling that exceeds what is expected for their age, development level, and contextual environment.
- What are the associated problems with Child Fall Risk?Child Fall Risk can have serious consequences for a child, such as physical injury, emotional trauma, and financial burden due to medical costs.