Amnesia is a Memory disorder where an individual has difficulty recalling or forming new memories, and refers to a wide range of conditions due to both organic (disease, injury) and non-organic (psychological) factors. It can lead to changes in behavior, communication and social interactions.
History and symptomatology: To assess the patient’s symptoms, a detailed medical history is needed. Questions about the patient’s memory recall, confusion, and any other changes in behaviour should be asked.
Physical and neurological examination: The exam should focus on physical and neurological functioning, including the size and activity of pupils, coordination, reflexes, and cognitive functioning.
Impaired memory: The patient’s memory has been significantly affected due to the underlying condition and leads to confusion, frustration, and feelings of distress and helplessness.
Imbalanced nutrition: Patients with amnesia may forget to eat, or may be unable to remember what to eat and when to eat it. This can lead to nutritional deficiencies.
Patient is able to recall information from memory: The patient is able to recall recent events, family members, and personal history.
Patient is able to identify and respond to current needs: The patient is aware of their current needs and can provide responses in a timely and appropriate manner.
- Create a supportive environment that provides clear sensory cues
- Remind the patient of important information and reassuring cues
- Establish a consistent and reliable routine each day
- Encourage participation in activities that stimulate memory recall
- Provide nutritional support to ensure adequate intake
Creating a supportive environment helps to provide the patient with reliable cues that aid in daily functioning. Encouraging participation in activities help to stimulate the brain and promote memory recall. Providing nutritional support ensures that the patient’s diet is meeting their needs.
The nursing care plan for amnesia is considered successful when the patient is able to recall previously learned information, identify and respond to current needs, and participate in activities that stimulate memory.
The goal of the nursing care plan for amnesia is to help the patient maximize their memory recall and reduce feelings of confusion and distress. Through the use of supportive interventions and environmental cues, the patient can be supported in their recovery.
- What are the causes of amnesia? Amnesia can be caused by organic (disease, injury) or non-organic (psychological) factors.
- What types of treatments are available for amnesia? Treatment depends on the underlying cause, but can include cognitive lifestyle interventions, pharmacological therapies, memory aids, and surgery.
- What kind of environmental cues can help with amnesia? Environmental cues such as pictures, names of family members, reminders of daily tasks, and calendars can help the patient with memory recall.
- What kind of activities help with memory recall? Activities such as word games, playing board games, listening to music, doing puzzles and crosswords can help with memory recall.
- How does nutrition affect memory? Adequate nutrition is necessary for optimal cognitive functioning, so ensuring the patient has adequate intake is essential for memory recall.