Arthritis is a common condition that affects the physical functioning of a person. It is characterized by inflammation, stiffness, and pain around the joints. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which affects older adults. Other types include rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and infectious arthritis.
When assessing for arthritis, health care professionals should consider the patient’s age, level of pain, range of motion, and any other relevant history. Common symptoms of arthritis include swelling, redness, stiffness, and deformed joints. Additional factors such as previous medical history, family history, activity level, occupation, nutrition, and mental status should also be taken into account.
The nursing diagnosis for arthritis may include impaired physical mobility, impaired communication, pain, fatigue, and risk for injury. These diagnoses can help the nurse identify interventions and evaluate the patient’s response to treatment.
The desired outcome for the patient with arthritis is improved physical functioning and quality of life. This includes the ability to manage pain, perform daily activities, and participate in physical activities. Additionally, the patient should be able to maintain healthy communication with their health care team.
Interventions may include formulating a nursing care plan to meet the needs of the patient. This may include medications, physical therapy, exercise, rest, using assistive devices, or hot/cold therapy. In addition, the nurse should provide instructions on proper body mechanics and provide education related to the disease process, medications, nutrition, and lifestyle changes.
These interventions will help reduce pain, improve mobility, and increase quality of life for the patient. Providing instructions and education on proper body mechanics will help the patient prevent further injury. Additionally, medications, exercise, and other interventions may help reduce inflammation and slow the progression of the disease.
The progress of the patient will be evaluated based on their ability to perform activities with less pain, improved range of motion, decreased fatigue and fatigue management. The patient should also be able to communicate more effectively with their healthcare team.
Nursing care plans for arthritis allow healthcare professionals to assess, diagnose, plan, and evaluate comprehensive interventions to help improve the patient’s quality of life.
- How does arthritis affect mobility? Arthritis can cause pain and stiffness that limit a person’s range of motion, flexibility, and mobility.
- What are the goals of a nursing care plan for arthritis? The goal of a nursing care plan for arthritis is to help improve the patient’s quality of life by reducing pain, improving mobility, and increasing communication with their healthcare team.
- What types of interventions can be included in a nursing care plan for arthritis? Interventions can include medication, physical and occupational therapy, exercise, rest, assistive devices, hot/cold therapy, and educational information.
- How is progress evaluated with a nursing care plan for arthritis? Progress is evaluated based on the patient’s ability to perform activities with less pain and improved range of motion, as well as decreased fatigue and improved communication with their healthcare team.
- Can lifestyle changes improve arthritis? Yes, lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet can help reduce inflammation and symptoms of arthritis.