Hearing loss is the partial or total inability to detect sound or understanding speech. Most of the people who suffer from hearing loss do not even realise that they have the condition. Hearing loss can be a big challenge and can affect physical, emotional, and social functioning. Therefore, it is important to develop an evidence-based nursing care plan.
The nurse should assess the patient’s communication needs by addressing:
- History of the hearing loss – Was it sudden or gradual? How long has the patient been experiencing hearing loss?
- Auditory ability – What sounds can the patient hear? Are they able to communicate using verbal communication?
- Cognitive ability – Is the patient able to comprehend and process language?
- Psychosocial wellbeing – How does the hearing loss impact the patient’s emotional and social functioning?
Based on the assessment findings, the following nursing diagnoses may be identified in patients with hearing loss:
- Impaired communication – The patient is not able to effectively communicate their needs and feelings.
- Reduced self-care ability – The patient may experience difficulty managing their daily activities due to not being able to hear effectively.
- Risk for isolation/loneliness – Patient may withdraw socially due to difficulty communicating.
The goal of the nursing care plan is to improve the patient’s communication ability, reduce their feeling of loneliness, and increase their self-care ability.
The nurse should create a comprehensive care plan to address the patient’s individual needs. Interventions should include:
- Providing full information regarding available assistive devices – This includes hearing aids, Cochlear implants, FM systems, and captioned telephones.
- Encouraging the use of coping strategies – Such as using visual communication, minimizing environmental noise, and writing notes.
- Provide resources for support groups – To help the patient cope with the challenges of living with hearing loss.
- Advocating for treatment options – Including the use of hearing aids and other assistive devices.
These interventions are necessary to ensure that the patient is able to communicate effectively, maintain their self-care ability, and connect with others. By providing these interventions, the patient will be able to participate more fully in their everyday activities and will experience a better quality of life.
To evaluate the success of the nursing care plan, the nurse should monitor the patient’s communication ability, self-care ability, and psychosocial wellbeing. The patient should be assessed regularly to determine if the interventions are effective and if changes need to be made.
Nursing care plans for hearing loss are necessary to ensure that the patient is able to manage their condition and achieve their goals. It is essential that nurses create an individualized plan to meet the patient’s needs and provide the necessary support and resources to allow them to live an independent and fulfilling life.
What is hearing loss?
Hearing loss is the partial or total inability to detect sound or understand speech. It can occur suddenly or gradually over time.
How can hearing loss be managed?
Hearing loss can be managed with the use of assistive devices such as hearing aids, Cochlear implants, FM systems, and captioned telephones. Additionally, it is important to utilize strategies such as minimizing environmental noise and writing notes.
Where can I get support for hearing loss?
There are many online and in-person support groups for people with hearing loss. These groups can provide useful information and resources.
What is an evidence-based nursing care plan?
An evidence-based nursing care plan is a comprehensive plan that is tailored to each individual patient’s needs and utilizes evidence-based interventions.
What are the benefits of an evidence-based nursing care plan?
Evidence-based nursing care plans can help improve the patient’s communication ability, reduce their feeling of loneliness, and increase their self-care ability.