Nursing care plan for impaired urinary elimination

Nursing care plan for impaired urinary elimination body

Introduction to Nursing Care Plan for Impaired Urinary Elimination

Urinary elimination is one of the most important processes that the body needs in order to maintain a healthy balance, fluid and electrolyte levels, and overall well-being. A nursing care plan for impaired urinary elimination may be needed when an individual cannot properly eliminate waste and fluids from their body. It is important to know what situations or factors contribute to impaired urinary elimination and how to create an effective care plan.


The assessment of impaired urinary elimination includes a complete medical and nursing history, physical exam, urine analysis and other tests. The nurse should also assess the person’s knowledge about the problem, their ability to care for themselves, their past and current treatments, and any associated pain.

Nursing Diagnosis

Depending on the cause of urinary elimination impairments, the nurse can determine an appropriate nursing diagnosis. This could include: ineffective health maintenance, altered fluid and electrolyte balance, impaired environmental safety, and risk for infection.


The goal of the nursing care plan is to provide acceptable outcomes, such as improved functioning of the urinary elimination system, elimination of bacteria or stone formation, and improved overall health.


Interventions should address any related risk factors and help to promote maximum urinary functioning. Interventions may include medications, diet modification, voiding training, increased fluids, bladder exercises, and lifestyle change.


It is important for the nurse to understand why each intervention is being used. Rationales will help the nurse understand how each intervention is expected to work and improve the patient’s impaired urinary elimination.


The nurse will evaluate the patient’s response to the interventions and progress of their urinary elimination function. The nurse must assess whether the interventions are having a positive effect and if any changes need to be made.


Creating a nursing care plan for impaired urinary elimination is critical to helping the patient achieve better health and functioning. By carefully assessing the patient and understanding the cause of impaired urinary elimination, the nurse can create an effective care plan that can help improve the patient’s health.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • What is urinary elimination?

    Urinary elimination is the process by which the body eliminates urine out the bladder. It is important for maintaining important fluid and electrolyte levels.
  • What are some common causes of impaired urinary elimination?
    Common causes of impaired urinary elimination can include nerve and muscle damage, pelvic organ prolapse, medications, and certain medical conditions.
  • What should be included in a nursing care plan for impaired urinary elimination?
    A nursing care plan for impaired urinary elimination may include an assessment, nursing diagnosis, outcomes, interventions, rationales, and evaluation.
  • What types of interventions may be included in the nursing care plan?
    Interventions may include medications, diet restrictions, voiding training, bladder exercises, and lifestyle changes.
  • What is the goal of a nursing care plan for impaired urinary elimination?
    The goal is to improve the patient’s urinary elimination functioning and overall health.

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