Tardive Dyskinesias (TD) is a neurological disorder that affects the muscular movements of people, resulting in involuntary, rhythmic motions. It is a side effect of antipsychotic drugs and is often problematic for those with mental illnesses. Nursing care plans for TD focus on improving patient outcomes and providing holistic care.
The first step of the nursing care plan for TD is the assessment. This assessment consists of physical, mental, social, and environmental assessments, as well as evaluations of the medication and its effects on the patient’s behavior. During the assessment, the nurse must identify levels of mobility, any existing psychosocial issues, and any potential sources of stress.
After the assessment is complete, the nurse should make nursing diagnoses based on the findings. Some common nursing diagnoses include:
- Ineffective coping – difficulty in handling or managing stress
- Risk for falls – putting oneself at risk of falling due to limited mobility
- Impaired social interaction – difficulty in relating to other people
The expected outcome from following the nursing care plan is an improvement in the patient’s quality of life. The goals should be realistic and measurable. Examples of possible outcomes include the following:
- Improved ability to cope with stress
- Decreased risk of falls
- Enhanced social interaction
Interventions focus on addressing and minimizing the symptoms of TD. These interventions may include physical and psychological therapies and medications. Examples of interventions are:
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Speech therapy
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Medication adjustments
The rationale behind these interventions is to increase the patient’s quality of life by improving their overall physical and mental functioning. For example, physical therapy can improve mobility, occupational therapy can help with daily tasks, and cognitive behavioral therapy can help with problem-solving skills.
In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatments, the nurse should monitor the patient’s progress on a regular basis and adjust the plan as needed. This evaluation should include assessments of the patient’s physical abilities, mental health, and social interactions.
Nursing care plan for tardive dyskinesias should focus on assessing, diagnosing, and intervening while providing appropriate support and resources to improve the patient’s quality of life. Treatment should be tailored to the individual patient, as each person will respond differently to the interventions provided. An effective nursing care plan should be regularly evaluated to ensure the best possible outcomes.
- What is the goal of the nursing care plan?
The goal of the nursing care plan is to improve the patient’s quality of life by addressing both physical and mental symptoms.
- What interventions are used for TD?
Interventions used for TD typically include physical and mental therapy, as well as medications.
- How can the effectiveness of the plan be evaluated?
The nurse should regularly assess the patient’s physical abilities, mental health, and social interactions to evaluate the effectiveness of the nursing care plan.
- Can a nursing care plan change over time?
Yes, a nursing care plan should be regularly evaluated and adjusted as needed.
- Is it necessary to have a diagnosis in order to treat TD?
Yes, a diagnosis is necessary in order to develop an effective treatment plan for TD.