Introduction to NANDA Nursing Diagnosis: Overweight Risk
Nursing diagnoses can play a major role in helping the patient to identify and manage risk factors associated with obesity and overweight.
Nursing interventions can be used to assist with problem-solving, teaching aspects of lifestyle modifications, diet, physical activities/exercises, emotional responses/awareness and environmental changes that will help to address overweight and obesity.
NANDA Nursing Diagnosis Definition
Overweight Risk is defined by NANDA as a “potential for an individual to develop an unhealthy weight or body mass index (BMI)”.
- Self-report of risk factors for becoming overweight
- Report of emotions related to being overweight
- Communication of positive outlook in relation to reaching healthy weight goals
- Abnormal body composition
- High body mass index (BMI)
- Weight gain for 3 consecutive months
- An adversarial view towards lifestyle change among peers
There are various factors that may play a role in leading to overweight and obesity, such as genetics, family history, environment, and personal lifestyle choice.
Those at higher risk for developing overweight and obesity include individuals who have a family history of obesity, those living in low income households, and minority ethnicities.
Obesity and overweight can lead to many health issues such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, arthritis, stroke, and chronic pain.
Suggestions of Use
Nurses can use the NANDA nursing diagnosis of Overweight Risk to assess risk factors related to potential development of an obese or overweight condition, and work to assist the patient in adopting healthier behaviors that can reduce the risk of developing a health condition associated with obesity or overweight.
Suggested Alternative NANDA Diagnoses
- Physical Activity, Readiness for Increase
- Nutrition, Alteration in Eating Patterns
- Self-Care Deficit
- Ineffective Coping
- Injury Risk
- Risk for Complications of Labor
- Be sure to include subjective and objective data when completing a NANDA Nursing Diagnoses evaluation.
- Evaluating related factors, as well as associated problems, are important when selecting appropriate interventions.
- Be sure to consider risk populations.
- Nutrition: Acceptable food received, Amount of food consumed, Body Mass Index, Daily Food Intake, Diet Modifications, Food Preference, Meal Preparation, Nutrient Intake, Nutrition Status, Nutritional Adequacy of Diet, Nutritional Knowledge
- Health Perception: Health Locus of Control Assessed, Knowledge of Wellness Concepts
- Personal Coping: Coping Strategies Used
- Health and Wellness Education: Provide education on sound nutrition practice, physical activity, and realizable goals.
- Environmental Management: Provide resources and materials to promote healthy eating and physical activity in the home.
- Nutrition Monitoring: Monitor patients’ dietary intake and make adjustments as needed.
Conclusion and FAQ
The NANDA Nursing Diagnosis of Overweight Risk is a valuable tool for nurses to assess a patient’s risk for developing an unhealthy weight, and it can provide insight into health promotion and interventions that can help prevent or manage obesity and overweight.
Frequently asked questions about NANDA Nursing Diagnosis of Overweight Risk might include: What are the risk factors for developing obesity or overweight conditions? How can I provide resources and support for patients to live a healthy lifestyle?