Risk of imbalance of liquid volume

Risk Of Imbalance Of Liquid Volume

Imbalance of liquid volume is a nursing diagnosis that refers to an abnormal amount of fluid in the body. It can be caused by a variety of factors such as excessive intake of fluids, decreased intake of fluids, or an abnormal loss of fluids. This condition can lead to a number of complications if not properly managed, including dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and kidney problems.

NANDA Nursing Diagnosis Definition

NANDA International defines Risk of Imbalance of Liquid Volume as “at risk for fluid volume deficit or fluid volume excess.” This diagnosis is made when a patient is at risk for an abnormal amount of fluid in their body due to factors such as decreased fluid intake, excessive fluid loss, or a medical condition that affects fluid balance.

Defining Characteristics


  • Complaints of thirst
  • Dry mouth and throat
  • Decreased urine output
  • Dark colored urine


  • Low blood pressure
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Dry skin and mucous membranes
  • Sunken eyes

Related Factors

  • Fever
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Excessive sweating
  • Increased urination
  • Medications that increase fluid loss
  • Chronic medical conditions such as diabetes and kidney disease
  • Poor oral intake

Risk Population

  • Elderly individuals
  • Infants and young children
  • Individuals with chronic medical conditions
  • Individuals taking certain medications
  • Individuals with poor oral intake

Associated problems

  • Dehydration
  • Electrolyte imbalances
  • Kidney problems
  • Decreased blood flow to vital organs

Suggestions of use

  • Regularly monitor fluid intake and output.
  • Assess for any underlying conditions that may be contributing to fluid imbalances.
  • Monitor for any changes in vital signs or symptoms of fluid imbalances.
  • Educate the patient on the importance of maintaining proper fluid balance and the potential complications of fluid imbalances.

Suggested alternative NANDA diagnosis list

  • Risk for fluid volume deficit
  • Risk for fluid volume excess
  • Risk for imbalanced fluid volume
  • Risk for electrolyte imbalances

Usage tips

  • Consider the patient’s overall health status and any underlying conditions that may affect fluid balance.
  • Assess for any medications that may affect fluid balance and consider their potential side effects.
  • Regularly monitor vital signs and symptoms to detect any changes in fluid balance.
  • Provide education and resources to the patient and their family on maintaining proper fluid balance and recognizing signs of fluid imbalances.

NOC Results

  • Fluid Balance – The patient will maintain proper fluid balance as evidenced by stable vital signs and normal urine output.
  • Hydration Status – The patient will remain hydrated as evidenced by moist oral mucous membranes and normal skin turgor.
  • Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance – The patient will maintain normal electrolyte and acid-base balance as evidenced by normal laboratory values.

NIC Interventions

  • Fluid/Electrolyte Management – Administering IV fluids or medications to correct fluid imbalances and electrolyte imbalances as needed.
  • Nutrition Management – Assisting the patient with maintaining a proper diet and fluid intake to support proper fluid balance.
  • Medication Management – Administering medications as ordered to treat underlying conditions and manage symptoms related to fluid imbalances.
  • Patient Education – Providing patient and family education on proper fluid balance, recognizing signs of fluid imbalances, and appropriate management strategies.


Imbalance of liquid volume is a serious condition that can lead to a number of complications if not properly managed. By understanding the signs and symptoms of fluid imbalances, nurses can provide appropriate care and management for patients at risk of fluid imbalances. This includes regular monitoring of fluid intake and output, assessing for underlying conditions, and providing education and resources to patients and their families.

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