Social Isolation

Social Isolation

Nursing diagnosis is a crucial step in the nursing process as it helps in identifying the specific needs of the patient. One of the most important nursing diagnoses is that of social isolation. Social isolation is defined as a state in which an individual lacks a sense of belonging or connectedness with others. This can have a significant impact on the patient’s overall health and well-being.

NANDA Nursing Diagnosis Definition

According to NANDA International, the official definition of social isolation is: “A state in which an individual lacks a sense of belonging or connectedness with others, resulting in feelings of loneliness and isolation.”

Defining Characteristics


  • Expresses feelings of loneliness and isolation
  • Reports difficulty forming or maintaining relationships
  • Expresses a lack of interest in social activities


  • Limited or no social interactions
  • Lack of participation in community activities
  • Isolation from family and friends

Related Factors

  • Physical or mental health conditions
  • Lack of transportation
  • Financial limitations
  • Cultural or language barriers
  • Limited social skills or support systems

Risk Population

  • Elderly individuals
  • Individuals with disabilities
  • Individuals living in rural areas
  • Individuals who have recently experienced a significant loss or change in their life

Associated Problems

  • Depression and anxiety
  • Poor physical health
  • Increased risk of falls and accidents
  • Poor nutrition and hydration
  • Cognitive decline

Suggestions for Use

  • Assess the patient’s level of social isolation and its potential impact on their overall health and well-being.
  • Identify any barriers to socialization, such as physical or mental health conditions, lack of transportation, or financial limitations.
  • Develop a plan of care that addresses the patient’s specific needs and goals related to socialization and connectedness.
  • Implement interventions, such as connecting the patient with community resources or providing support for building and maintaining relationships.

Suggested Alternative NANDA Diagnoses

  • Ineffective coping
  • Impaired social interaction
  • Impaired verbal communication

Usage Tips

  • Be aware that social isolation can be related to other nursing diagnoses, such as depression and anxiety.
  • Consider the patient’s cultural and language background, as these can affect their socialization and connectedness with others.
  • Be mindful of the patient’s physical and cognitive abilities, as these can also impact their ability to participate in social activities and interactions.

NOC Results with Explanation

  • Social Interaction: The patient’s ability to interact with others and form relationships.
  • Social Support: The patient’s access to support and assistance from others.
  • Emotional Support: The patient’s ability to receive emotional support from others.

NIC Interventions with Explanation

  • Socialization Promotion: Facilitating the patient’s participation in social activities and interactions.
  • Community Resources: Connecting the patient with community resources that can provide support and assistance.
  • Relaxation Techniques: Teaching the patient relaxation techniques to help reduce feelings of isolation and loneliness.


Social isolation is a significant concern for many patients, as it can have a negative impact on their overall health and well-being. By identifying patients at risk for social isolation, nurses can take steps to address this issue and improve the patient’s quality of life.

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