NANDA nursing diagnosis (NND) is a clinical classification that identifies the individualized health risks, symptoms and signs observed by nurses. NANDA nursing diagnosis: Mixed Urinary Incontinence (MUI) is a common condition in which people are unable to control their bladder and/or bowel movements. It affects both men and women of all ages, but it is most common in elderly adults.
NANDA Nursing Diagnosis Definition
The NANDA definition for MUI is “Inability to control the flow of urine and/or feces due to interference with normal neuronal and/or structural mechanisms.”
- Reports having difficulty controlling urination
- Reports involuntary leakage of urine
- Reports involuntary leakage of fecal matter
- Frequent signs of urinary and/or fecal incontinence
- Bladder or bowel overactivity
- Abdominal distention
- Abdominal bloating
- Urge incontinence
- Frequent need to urinate
Mixed urinary incontinence can be caused by a variety of factors, including physical or neurological conditions, medications, behavioral changes, or lifestyle factors. Some of the most common causes of MUI are an overactive bladder, weak pelvic muscles, diabetes, stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and urinary tract infection. Medications such as diuretics, alpha blockers, beta blockers, anticholinergics, and antihistamines can also cause MUI. Behavioral changes and lifestyle factors, such as obesity, smoking, alcohol use, and not getting enough exercise can contribute to MUI.
People who are at risk of developing MUI are those who have a history of neurological diseases, cancer or surgery, physical disabilities, cognitive impairment, and older adults. Women who have gone through menopause may also be at an increased risk of developing MUI.
Mixed urinary incontinence can lead to other problems such as dehydration, skin breakdown, and adverse psychological effects. People with MUI may feel embarrassed and ashamed of their condition, which can lead to depression and isolation.
Suggestions of Use
MUI can be managed with a variety of treatments, including lifestyle modifications, medications, and surgery. The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms and improve the quality of life. Lifestyle modifications such as pelvic floor muscle exercises, bladder training, fluid management, and weight loss may be beneficial in controlling MUI symptoms. Certain medications may also be prescribed to treat MUI. Surgery may be recommended if other treatments fail to provide relief.
Suggested Alternative NANDA Diagnosis
Alternative NANDA diagnoses that may be associated with MUI include Activity Intolerance, Impaired Physical Mobility, and Risk for Autonomic Dysreflexia.
When assessing for MUI, nurses should be aware of any underlying physical or neurological conditions that may be present. The patient should be encouraged to discuss any concerns or questions they have about their condition. Effective communication between the nurse and patient is essential for successful management of MUI.
- Bowel Control: The patient’s ability to control the flow of stool.
- Tissue Integrity: Skin and mucous membranes are intact and free from lesions.
- Bladder Control: The patient’s ability to manage the voiding of urine.
- Urinary Elimination: Amount and appearance of urine excreted.
- Health Seeking Behaviors: Patient’s ability/propensity to take action regarding health concerns.
- Stress Management Training: Education and counseling about relaxation techniques and stress reduction approaches.
- Incontinence Care: Provision of incontinence care services, including skin care and cleaning.
- Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises: Teaching strategies to strengthen and maintain correct pelvic floor muscles.
- Bladder Retraining: Teaching strategies to increase the period of time between voiding.
- Urge Suppression Therapy: Behavior modification techniques for reducing frequency of micturition.
- Fluid Management: Education and planning for appropriate intake and restriction of fluids.
MUI can be a painful and embarrassing condition. It is important for nurses to be aware of the common causes and symptoms of MUI and to provide the necessary support and education for patients to effectively manage the condition. By providing adequate care and support, nurses can help patients to lead normal, fulfilling lives.
- What is MUI? MUI stands for Mixed Urinary Incontinence. It is a condition in which people are unable to control their bladder and/or bowel movements.
- What are the most common causes of MUI? The most common causes of MUI are an overactive bladder, weak pelvic muscles, diabetes, stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and urinary tract infection.
- What are the treatments for MUI? Treatments for MUI may include lifestyle modifications, medications, and sometimes surgery.
- Are there any associated problems? Yes, MUI can lead to other problems such as dehydration, skin breakdown, and adverse psychological effects.